More on Open Access

Today, while studying open access, open source and open science, I found a wonderful article at First Monday by Dr. John Willinsky, founder of the PKP and OJS movement. It's worth a read.

The open movement addresses the phenomenon of new technologies running under old economies. So... to clarify this "openness," Wikipedia (yes, the threat to authority "authority") says this:

Open Source: related to software mean literally that the “source code” of a software program is openly available. Additionally the term implies that one not only has access to the software code, but also has the right to use it.

Open Access: The free, immediate, permanent, full-text, on-line access for ANY user, web-wide, to digital scientific and scholarly material. Any user may link, read, download, store, print, and data mine the digital content of the article.

Open Science: A general term representing the application of various Open approaches (Open Source, Open Access, Open Data) to scientific endeavor, examples of which include the human genome project and the global positioning satellite system.

 And, expanding on the issue of "power to the people," (an excellent article by Emanuele Quintarelli) we should probably examine folksonomies and taxonomies--a subject dear to my heart, as evidenced by the popularity of my metacrap post. 

According to Quintarelli, "Folksonomies are liberating, non-restrictive; bottom-up, not imposed; relational, not hierarchical."

Disadvantages: lack of precision; no hierarchy; low findability quotient; tags do not scale well if looking for specific targeted items.

Advantages:  reflect the population’s conceptual model; match users’ needs and language; inclusive; facilitate discovery of information and serendipity; introduce long tail topics that are original, non-mainstream ideas that emerge from the interest of a small fraction of the population to the attention of the masses; forced to be dynamic due to mass amateurization on the web; make up for the fact that controlled vocabularies are not practically and economically extensible; widely accepted as better than nothing—low-investment bridge between personal classification and shared classification.